Typescript Module Path Not Resolving in Emitted Code

TypeScript path resolution is a feature that allows developers to specify custom module resolution strategies to find the locations of imported modules or files.

Benefits of using Path Resolution

TypeScript path resolution is particularly useful in large projects where developers have to manage a lot of modules and files.

Path resolution allows developers to use module names instead of relative paths when importing modules, which makes the code more readable and maintainable.

It also enables developers to manage their project structure and dependencies more effectively.

Here are some use cases where TypeScript path resolution can be beneficial:

  1. Organizing the project structure: Path resolution can help developers organize their project structure by grouping related modules and files together. By using non-relative paths, developers can create a hierarchical structure for their modules that reflects the project’s architecture and makes it easier to navigate.
  2. Reusing modules across the project: With path resolution, developers can easily reuse modules across the project by importing them using module names. This eliminates the need to create duplicate files and simplifies the codebase.
  3. Managing dependencies effectively: Path resolution allows developers to manage their dependencies more effectively by defining paths to third-party modules in the project configuration. This eliminates the need to use long relative paths when importing third-party modules.

In TypeScript, there are two types of path resolutions:

  1. Relative Path Resolution
  2. Non-relative Path Resolution

Relative Path Resolution

In Relative Path Resolution, TypeScript looks for imported modules or files based on their relative paths to the importing file. The relative paths are resolved relative to the importing file’s location.

For example, if we have an importing file located at src/index.ts and it imports a file located at src/utils/helper.ts, we can use the following import statement:

import helper from './utils/helper';

Non-relative Path Resolution

In Non-relative Path Resolution, TypeScript uses a set of rules to resolve the module or file’s location based on a set of paths defined in the project configuration. Non-relative path resolution is useful when we want to import modules or files without using a relative path. We can specify the module’s location using a module name instead of a relative path.

The module name should match the name of the package or module defined in the package.json file or the name of the TypeScript file. TypeScript will look for the module in the paths specified in the configuration files.

For example, suppose we have a file called helper.ts in the src/utils directory. We can import this file using the module name like this:

import helper from 'utils/helper';

To enable Non-relative Path Resolution, we need to configure TypeScript using tsconfig.json file, specifically the paths property. We can define a set of paths that TypeScript will use to find the modules or files.

  "compilerOptions": {
    "baseUrl": ".",
    "paths": {
      "@utils/*": ["src/utils/*"]

In the above example, TypeScript will look for the modules starting with @utils/ in the corresponding directories specified in the paths object.

Path resolution can help simplify our import statements, making the code more readable and maintainable. It also helps us to organize our codebase and manage our dependencies effectively.

Path Resolution with Jest for Unit Testing

We need to configure Jest to use the same path resolution settings as TypeScript. Here are the steps to configure Jest to use non-relative path resolution:

Install the tsconfig-paths package:

$ npm install tsconfig-paths --save-dev

Add the tsconfig-paths Jest transformer to your jest.config.js file:

const { pathsToModuleNameMapper } = require('tsconfig-paths');

const tsConfig = require('./tsconfig.json');

module.exports = {
  // ... other jest configuration ...
  transform: {
    '^.+\\.tsx?$': 'ts-jest',
    '^.+\\.jsx?$': 'babel-jest',
  moduleNameMapper: pathsToModuleNameMapper(tsConfig.compilerOptions.paths),

This code defines the moduleNameMapper option to convert non-relative paths to the correct file paths during Jest testing.

To configure Jest to use TypeScript path resolution, we need to add a moduleNameMapper option to our Jest configuration file, usually called jest.config.js. The moduleNameMapper option tells Jest how to map module names to their corresponding file paths.

First, we import the pathsToModuleNameMapper function from the tsconfig-paths package.

const { pathsToModuleNameMapper } = require('tsconfig-paths');

Next, we import our TypeScript configuration file, tsconfig.json.

const tsConfig = require('./tsconfig.json');

We need this file to access the compilerOptions.paths property, which contains our path mapping rules.

Then, we define the moduleNameMapper option and set it to the result of calling pathsToModuleNameMapper() with our TypeScript path mapping rules.

moduleNameMapper: pathsToModuleNameMapper(tsConfig.compilerOptions.paths, { prefix: '<rootDir>/' }),

The pathsToModuleNameMapper() function takes two arguments: an object representing the compilerOptions.paths property from our TypeScript configuration file, and an options object. The prefix option tells Jest to prepend the root directory (<rootDir>/) to the file paths, which makes it easier to reference files in our project.

The moduleNameMapper option tells Jest how to map module names to their file paths. For example, if we have a module named @app/utils, Jest will use our path mapping rules to determine the correct file path for that module.

With this done, you can run your unit tests with the following command:

$ npm run test

That’s it! With this configuration, Jest will use our TypeScript path mapping rules to resolve module imports. This allows us to use non-relative paths in our tests, which can make our test code more readable and easier to maintain.

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